For an additional activity to combine history with ELA, students can create storyboards identifying figurative language in a story about the Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean. They can do this for the story they chose for the Literature Connections activity, or they can use a new one!
Encounter by Jane Yolen is the story of the Taíno people living on the island of San Salvador in 1492 when Columbus and the Spanish colonizers first arrived. It is told through the eyes of a young Taíno boy who tried to warn his people about these strange visitors. At the end, the boy is an old man reflecting on the devastating destruction of his people and a lost civilization. The book is full of striking illustrations and vivid figurative language, including personification, simile, and metaphor that allows the reader to see this "encounter" from the point of view of the Taíno people.
Simile: ". . . [I] stared at each of the strangers in turn. Even those with dark human eyes looked away, like dogs before they are driven from the fire."
Metaphor: "It was the serpent’s smile - no lips and all teeth."
Metaphor: "round pools to hold in the hand that gave a man back his face." (Mirror)
Metaphor: "darts that sprang from sticks with a sound like thunder that could kill a parrot many paces away." (hand cannon)
Personification: "our blood would cry out in the sand."
(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Use This Assignment With My Students", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)
Objective: Demonstrate your understanding of figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification) by illustrating examples from the text.
Requirements: Must have 3 examples of figurative language, correct types of figurative language matched with the text and appropriate illustrations for each that demonstrate your understanding.
Grade Level 4-5
Difficulty Level 3 (Developing to Mastery)
Type of Assignment Individual
Type of Activity: Figurative Language
(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)
Examples of Figurative Language
There are three examples of figurative language in the description boxes.
There are two correct examples of figurative language in the description boxes.
Only one of the examples of figurative language is correct.
Types of Figurative Language
All three examples are correctly identified as simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or personification (or other).
Two examples of figurative language are correctly identified as simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or personification (or other).
Only one example of figurative language is correctly identified as simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or personification (or other).
Illustrations show attention to the details of the story and demonstrate connection to the figurative language.
Illustrations demonstrate connection to the figurative language.
Illustrations do not make sense with the examples chosen.