Activity Overview

Using a T-Chart to compare and contrast two opposing sides or viewpoints is a useful tool to enhance students' understanding. Going further and including visuals helps students to better understand and remember the details of the opposing perspectives. In this activity, students will create a t-chart that compares and contrasts the viewpoints of the Patriots and Loyalists.

When learning about the American Revolution, students may need teachers to provide a variety of resources. The use of diverse resources such as primary sources, videos, readings from textbooks, encyclopedias and literature can be helpful for students to gain an accurate and complete picture of the time period. Students can use graphic organizers with columns to write notes about the Loyalists and the Patriots differing viewpoints, logic, rationale, and perspectives as well as famous or notable people for each category.

A worthwhile extension is for students to use these as a guide to hold their own Patriots v. Loyalists classroom debate. Students can be divided into two equal groups. They can have time in advance to share and discuss their arguments. Students can then take turns speaking and voicing their arguments during the debate. The side with the most original arguments wins!

Template and Class Instructions

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Use This Assignment With My Students", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)

Due Date:

Objective: Create a T-Chart of opposing viewpoints during the American Revolution. Include at least 5 arguments for EACH side, the Patriots and the Loyalists.

Student Instructions:

  1. Click "Start Assignment".
  2. Label one side "Patriots" and the other "Loyalists"
  3. In the description boxes, write a concise statement for each viewpoint.
  4. Create a picture for each cell using appropriate scenes, characters, or items to illustrate or symbolize each argument.


Lesson Plan Reference

Grade Level 4-6

Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)

Type of Assignment Individual

Type of Activity: Compare and Contrast with T-Charts

Common Core Standards
  • [ELA-Literacy/RH/9-10/3] Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.
  • [ELA-LITERACY/CCRA/R/1] Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
  • [ELA-LITERACY/CCRA/R/7] Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
  • [ELA-LITERACY/CCRA/R/9] Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
  • [ELA-LITERACY/WHST/6-8/2/B] Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.


(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)

Compare and Contrast
Create a storyboard that finds the similarities and differences between two things.
Proficient Emerging Beginning
Student identifies and explains many of the similarities between the two.
Student identifies and explains some of the similarities between the two.
Student identifies and explains few of the similarities between the two.
Student identifies and explains many of the differences between the two.
Student identifies and explains some of the differences between the two.
Student identifies and explains few of the differences between the two.
Images are clear and creative.
Most images are easy to understand, but at least two images do not fit.
Images are not easy to understand.
Spelling and Grammar
Student makes few errors.
Student makes two or three errors in spelling and grammar.
Student makes multiple errors in spelling and grammar.

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