This scene represents hubris as Hamlet expresses how he has acted upon selfishness for his own honor and dignity as he has caused suffering through putting off taking revenge on Claudius. He realizes he has prioritized his pride excessively when he sees Fortenbras successfully leading his army. it's at this moment that his excessive pride is diminished.
Rightly to be great Is not to stir without great argument,But greatly to find quarrel in a straw When honor's at stake. How stand I,then,That have a father killed,a mother stained,Excitements of my reason and my blood,And let all sleep,While to my shame I see The imminent death of twenty thousand men.
To be,or not to be,that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troubles And by opposing end them.To die-to sleep,No more;and by sleep to say we end The heart-acge and the thousand natural shocks.
Hamlet's "to be or not to be" Soliloquy is an example of his Hamartia as he contemplates killing himself, just one instance of Hamlet's indecisivness throughout the play. Hamlet's inability to make decisions is his tragic error and ultimately leads to his down fall as he delays killing Claudius, causing others, as well as himself to suffer and die in the process.
The scene in which a funeral ceremony is being held for Ophelia is an example of Hamlet's Peripeteia as prior to Ophelia's death he was said to only be pretending to go insane and was freigning madness. But after Ophelia dies he spirals as guilt and overwhelming sarrow sets in, leading him to genuine insanity. This is the moment Hamlet's mental health rapidly declines.
I loved Ophelia. Forty thousand brothers Could not with all their quantity of love.
Oh terrible woe Fallen ten times treble on that cursed head. Whose wicked deed thy most ingenious sense Deprived three of! Hold off the earth awhile,Till I have caught her once more in mine arms