The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. The Union Army was headed to attack the Confederate, with 35, 000 men vs. 20, 000 men. The Confederacy was able to break the Union Army after fighting defense for most of the day. The North then realized that they would not be able to win the war as easily as they had thought.
The two generals during the First Battle of Bull Run are Irvin McDowell and P.G.T. Beauregard. Irvin McDowell is the general of the Union Army and P.G.T. Beauregard is the general of the Confederate Army. Irvin McDowell has been in 8 battles throughout his life time. P.G.T. Beauregard has been in 14 battles throughout his lifetime. P.G.T. Beauregard has more experience than Irvin McDowell.
Let's Go to Richmond! March On!
The First Battle of Bull Run is also known as the first Battle of Manassas. The battle was fought on July 21, 1861 in Prince William County, Virginia. The Union had attacked first, on the river of Bull Run. The Union had 35,000 troops, and the Confederacy had 20,000 troops. Even though the Confederacy had 15,000 soldiers less than the Union, they pulled together and destroyed the Union flank.
The First Battle of Bull Run was in three places, all located in Virginia. They were Virginia, Fair fax County, Virginia, and Prince William County, Virginia. The Union first attacked in Prince William County, Virginia. The main part of the battle happened near Manassas. The Union called it Bull Run, hence the name. The confederacy called Manassas.
Two months before Bull Run, the Confederacy had attacked Fort Sumter. In return, the Union created a plan to capture Richmond. Abraham Lincoln ordered General Irvin McDowell to attack immediately, hoping to put an end to the war. McDowell worried his men were not ready for the attack and asked Lincoln if he could hold off the attack, but Lincoln turned him down. Lincoln wanted the attack done immediately, thus starting the First Battle of Bull Run.
The Confederacy won The First Battle of Bull Run. They won, because the Confederacy attacked the Union flank. They ended up sending the federals back towards Washington. The Union had attacked first, but the Confederacy won. The victory for the Confederacy gave the South a bit of hope. The North on the other hand, was in shock because of the loss, and now realized that the war would not be won as easily as they had hoped.