"This note was the promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note in so far as her citizens of color are concerned.
"But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free; one hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination;"
"America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”
MLK is saying how the government says that slavery isn't allowed and everyone is equal when people are still getting mistreated. He is also saying how America still treats people of color differently. When they should be equal. He is relating to the people.
King is showing how no matter what, people of color are still treated differently.He is trying to reach out to the people and show them how wrong it is. He is persuading the people that it needs to change and to have no more discrimination.
Martin Luther King uses logic as a form of reasoning with the audience. He shows how he and the people of color have been mistreated by America. He uses a check as an example.
By showing an example Lincon used, MLK shows credibility with his people. He shows how even if you sign a paper. That doesn't mean the people won't stop treating you differently.
"Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation."
Martin Luther King is saying that in earlier years of the US. People treated people of color like they were homeless and poor. He showed how even if slavery isn't going on anymore that people still get treated like they are still slaves.
"One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity; one hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself in exile in his own land."
King is saying in this part that now is the time to end racial injustice and that people should be treated equally. That now is the time to stop treating people like they are less. No matter what race they are.
"Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy; now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice; now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood; now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children"