Checks on the other branches Judicial: Federal courts may declare executive branch actions unconstitutional. Federal courts can declare laws passed by congress unconstitutional.
Historic example of Separation of Powers - Judicial Power: Biden v Texas: 5-4 decision, The Biden administration has the authority to reverse a Trump-era policy that requires asylum seekers to remain in Mexico while their cases are reviewed in U.S. courts, the majority said.
The watergate scandal: Watergate was a plot by president Nixon to spy on Democratic opponents for the next Presidential election. Nixon’s aides broke into the Watergate hotel and were caught by police.
Historic example of Checks and Balances - Judicial Branch: The release of the tapes was a question for the Constitution, so the SCOTUS decided that Nixon must release the tapes based on the Constitution.
The Checks made by the Executive: The President can veto bills passed by congress. The president also can appoint supreme court justices and other federal judges.
The definition of Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances is each Branch can limit the power of the other two. This helps create a balance of power among the 3 or otherwise known as Checks and Balances.
Historic example of Checks and Balances - Executive Branch: When it was discovered that Nixon had tapes of his conversations, he used executive privilege to block the release.
Historic example of Separation of Powers - Executive Power:Executive Order:Topic: Labor Order: Raising the minimum wage for Federal contract workers from $10.95 to $15/hr.
Legislative: Congress can impeach a president for crimes and misconduct. Congress may impeach and remove federal judges from office. Congress can override a veto by a two thirds vote of each chamber
Historical example of Checks and Balances - Legislative Branch: When the scandal news was broken by the Washington post, Congress used it’s power to set up an investigation.
Legislative Power: Clean Air Amendments (1970): Played a key role in the Government’s authority over the environment. Signaled that environmental protection and economic growth could happen at the same time.