The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.
In modern history, the Industrial Revolution was the transition from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing. These technological advancements introduced new ways of working and living, fundamentally altering society.
The positive of the industrial revolution were an increase in wealth, goods production, and living standards. People could eat healthier, live in better housing, and buy cheaper goods. Furthermore, education expanded during the Industrial Revolution.
The living conditions improved as the government began to regulate them more and more over time.
The U.S. government adopted policies that supported industrial development such as providing land for the construction of railroads and maintaining high tariffs to protect American industry from foreign competition.
The positive of the Industrial Revolution was the vast improvement in transportation. Another advantage of the Industrial Revolution was the numerous technological advances.
As small towns grew into larger societies, their machinery and factories accompanied them, allowing the use of coal to power their machines, with the drawbacks of causing Black Lung and the emergence of child labor, as well as farmers joining that work force as a result of the loss of their farms. Pollution had also become a problem.
Towns had become cities by the end of the Industrial Revolution due to the overwhelming population boom that had struck when many came for work, Factories had grown massive to produce much more quickly to produce for the massive amount of people, and the revolution had also caused the skies to darken from pollution caused directly from factories working.