how a bill becomes a law by Hannah Lilly and Noelle Munoz

how a bill becomes a law by Hannah Lilly and Noelle Munoz

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  • Step 1: An idea turns into a bill
  • Sponsors: person/people who write the bill
  • Co-sponsors: other congressmen who want to support bill without being involved in its writing.
  • Step 2: The committee
  • -bill sent to Committee or Subcommittee. -hearing held on bill. -after hearing comes markup. -then a vote will move bill to floor.
  • Committee
  • Sub-committee 
  • Step 3: The Floor
  • - Bill put on calendar. -reading, debate, and vote. -if passes, it moves to senate.
  • Step 5: Reconciliation time
  • Step 6: 2nd vote
  • Step 4: The other chamber
  • Bill goes through same process in Senate.
  • Conference committee formed to reconcile the two different versions of the bill.
  • -House and senate vote on the version -NOT open to riders, amendments, or changes at this time.
  • Step 7: The white house
  • Step 8: Supermajority or bust
  • a vetoed bill is sent back to congress where a 2/3rds votecan override a prez veto, passing the bill.
  • The President signs or vetos the bill.
  •  Committee is where bills go to die. often tabled or never brought up for consideration. 
  •  Lobbying- when a person advocates for an industry/business in order to sway or influence the government.
  •  Riders- an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, has little connection with the bill. Created as a tactic to pass a controversial provision that would not pass as its own bill.
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