is based on the inductive method by which general conclusions are drawn to something in particular; its explanation is based on Natural sciences.
Now let´s talk about empiricists, which is denying the existence of innate ideas and refused any knowledge that could not be correlated with experience
for example, birds have feathers, and therefore, penguins are birds.
Now Rationalism, this is based on the deductive method, by means of which conclusions are drawn based on something general.
During this time there were great philosophical discussions facing empiricism to rationalism.
It is important to mention that caused a change in the way people organized in the communities: the monarchy disappears, and republics are created with constitutions, which give all human beings the rights or individual rights.