Kontinentidevaheline Raudtee Bio

Kontinentidevaheline Raudtee Bio

Storyboard Description

Esimese transkontinentaalse raudtee uurimisel on õpilastel kasulik luua mõjukale inimesele või inimrühmale elulooraamatu plakateid. See näide tutvustab insener Theodore Juudat.

Storyboard Text

  • Theodore Juuda
  • 1826-1863
  • Theodore Dehone Juuda oli raudtee pioneer, kes oli tuntud asutaja Central Pacific Raudtee. A Juuda sündis CT-s Bridgeportis 1826. aastal piiskopiministri aupakliku õpetaja Henry Raymond Judahi ja Mary Reece Juuda juures. Tema perekond kolis New Yorki Trooju ja Juuda käis Rensselaeri polütehnilises instituudis ehitusteadust õppimas. A 18-aastaselt sai Juudast raudteeülevaataja ja 21-aastaselt abiellus ta Anna Pierce'iga. 1800. aastate keskel kasvas raudtee kogu riigis pidevalt ja Juudal oli suur unistus laiendada raudteed, et see ulatuks rannikust rannikuni. 1854. aastal kuulutas Juuda oma naisele: „Anna, ma lähen Californiasse Vaikse ookeani ranniku teerajajaks raudteede inseneriks.” Theodore Juuda suured unistused ja vaimustus transkontinentaalist raudtee teenis talle hüüdnime "Hull Juuda".
  • Judah's passion led him to build the Sacramento Valley Line by 1856, which was the first railroad west of the Missouri River! Judah was now determined to build a great Pacific railroad. The largest obstacle to this project was the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Nobody had figured a way a railroad could be built through the mountains. Judah surveyed the area and in July 1860, determined that the Donner Pass was the best route. Judah convinced investors Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, and Collis Huntington (later known as the Big Four) to invest in his vision and went to Washington to lobby the government. President Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act on July 1, 1862 approving construction. Judah famously telegraphed to his investors: "We have drawn the elephant, now let us see if we can harness him up." The Central Pacific Railroad began construction in 1863, but Judah was at odds with "The Big Four" who kept him in the dark about decisions and eventually maneuvered to oust Judah from his own project. As Judah scrambled to raise enough funds to continue to be involved, he set sail for New York and became deathly ill. He died in Anna's arms on November 2, 1863. When the project that he had envisioned was completed on May 10, 1869, it was also his wedding anniversary. Anna said: "It seemed as though the spirit of my brave husband descended upon me and together we were there unseen, unheard of by man."
  • "Ma lähen California olla teerajaja raudtee insener Vaikse ookeani rannikul!"
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