Lesson Plans by Richard Cleggett, Matt Campbell, and John Gillis
The Holocaust was a 20th century genocide of staggering proportions. Over the course of twelve years, the Nazi Party brutally and systematically killed nearly six million Jews and five million other victims. It remains a profoundly tragic chapter of world history. It also remains an important part of history for students to study in order to better understand World War 2 and even current events.
The History of the Holocaust timeline- History of Anti-Semitism
The Romans destroy the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem
The History of Anti-Semitism Timeline
Not long after the death of Jesus, Roman soldiers destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. Many early Christians incorrectly blamed the Jews for the death of their prophet.
State and Church Laws Restrict Jews
I can't join a guild, own land, or gain political power... money-lending and commerce are all we have!
The Church and the State maintained many restrictions against the Jews. During the era of early Christendom, Jews were forced to take lesser jobs in banking and trade.
I'll pay you back when I'm ready!
After Pope Urban II stated that he wanted to regain control of Jerusalem, the Crusades began. Crusaders killed thousands of Jews as they crossed Europe to Jerusalem.
The Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther
The Black Plague
The Jews have poisoned the wells... drink from the river or suffer the Black Death....
Many Jews refused to convert to Lutheranism. Martin Luther initially felt disappointed, but later felt that the Jewish community had to be destroyed.
Their synagogues ...should be set on fire!
The 95 Theses
During the Middle Ages, Jews were accused of poisoning the drinking water and causing the Black Plague.
Pogroms in Russia
You Jews Killed the Czar!
The Dreyfus Affair
Guilty of TREASON!
Anti-Jewish Riots, or Pogroms, occurred in the Western part of the Russian empire. Jews had settled here, because they had to convert to Christianity to live in most other parts of Europe.
French Captain Alfred Dreyfus was a high-ranking Jewish military officer. He was framed for selling secrets to the Germans. He served five years in a remote prison for a crime he did not commit.
The Jews are the problem..
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion
Get the newspapers to publish it.
In the early 1900s, Russian secret police created an elaborate false document attacking the Jews. The document claimed that Jewish leaders were planning to take over the world. This lie fueled antisemitic feelings across the globe.
We will make it look like they are plotting world domination!
Pseudo-Scientific Racial Theories
The Jews are a race: They are inferior and they are a threat to our values.
In the later 19th century and into the early 20th century, pseudo-scientific theories developed regarding Jews being a race of people with 'inferior blood'. These ideas were reinforced by old stereotypes, and became widely accepted.