The American Revolution was a war waged by the 13 American Colonies to overthrow British rule and become an independent nation. Historians agree that it began with the “shot heard round the world” in the battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 and officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The end result was a new nation and a new form of government that inspired the creation of democracies around the world.
Create a biography poster for a notable figure during the American Revolution, detailing their life and impact.
Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies around 1757 (some historians believe 1755). He grew up in poverty after his father abandoned the family. His mother sadly died of illness when Hamilton was only 11 years old. Hamilton went to work as a clerk and learned much about international commerce and trade. His employer was so impressed with Hamilton's keen intellect, he solicited donations to send Hamilton to New York to be formally educated at King's College.
With the American colonies on the brink of revolution, Hamilton was more interested in supporting the Patriot cause than finishing college. He joined the Patriots in their fight for independence in 1774. Hamilton became a soldier and rose to lieutenant colonel of the Continental Army. Washington saw his potential and made Hamilton his assistant and trusted advisor. Hamilton also married Elizabeth "Eliza" Schuyler in 1780. Together they had 8 children.
Soldier, Lawyer, Statesman, First Secretary of the Treasury
Jan. 11, 1757 - Jul. 11, 1804
“Those who stand for nothing fall for everything.”
“The pains taken to preserve peace include a proportional responsibility that equal pains be taken to be prepared for war.”
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When the war ended, Hamilton worked as a lawyer and was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was a big proponent of a strong federal government. Hamilton was instrumental in gaining support for the ratification of the Constitution through his work on the Federalist Papers. He wrote 51 of 87 essays in support of the new Constitution. The other essays were written by John Jay and James Madison.Once the Constitution was ratified and George Washington elected president, he appointed Hamilton as the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. He serve from 1789-1795 and advocated for a national banking system.
Hamilton was notorious for his political disagreements with Thomas Jefferson but he also had a long standing rivalry with politician Aaron Burr.Hamilton said, “I fear [Burr] is unprincipled both as a public and private man. I feel it a religious duty to oppose his career.”In 1804, Burr ran for governor of New York and lost. When he heard that Hamilton had insulted him at a private dinner party, he challenged Hamilton to a duel. It is widely believed that Hamilton "threw away his shot" and didn't aim for Burr. Burr, however, shot Hamilton and he died of his injuries.
Duel with Aaron Burr
"Vigor of government is essential to the security of liberty."