The American Revolution was a war waged by the 13 American Colonies to overthrow British rule and become an independent nation. Historians agree that it began with the “shot heard round the world” in the battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 and officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The end result was a new nation and a new form of government that inspired the creation of democracies around the world.
There are many unknown stories of women's role in the American Revolutionary war who assisted on the home-front as well as the battlefield and even served as valuable spies ensuring victory to the Americans. Students can research the role of women in the American Revolution and storyboard their findings!
WOMEN IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
ON THE HOME FRONT
ON THE BATTLEFIELD
COMMUNICATING TO THE PUBLIC
Declaration of Independence
SERVING AS SPIES
Women collected funds to aid the war effort, boycotted British tea and other products by making their own, and sewed uniforms and blankets for the troops. Many were left to run farms or businesses as well as care for their children while husbands were away fighting. Some were left destitute when their homes and livelihoods were destroyed in battle.
Women also saw action on the battlefield. Some were nurses caring for the wounded, others took up arms themselves! Deborah Sampson dressed as a man and fought in several battles. Molly Pitcher took her husbands place manning a cannon when he was wounded at the Battle of Monmouth.
Mercy Otis Warren used her skill as a writer to publish articles in support of the Patriots and against the injustices of Great Britain to help gain support for the war. Mary Katherine Goddard was a publisher and postmistress of the Baltimore Post Office from 1775 to 1789. She was the second printer to print the Declaration of Independence!
Ann Bates infiltrated Washington's camp at White Plains, NY in 1778 pretending to be a peddler. She mapped out the camp, counted the men, weapons, and supplies and gave the intel to the British. Lydia Darragh and her Quaker family sided with the Patriots. She spied on British meetings in Philadelphia and gave valuable intel to the Patriots. She warned them that General Howe had planned a surprise attack on Washington and his army!