Ancient Greece was a thriving civilization that made impressive strides in many fields such as art, architecture, engineering, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, philosophy and government. Many of their ideals were the foundation of future civilizations and their influence is still with us today.
Socrates was a philosopher and teacher in Ancient Greece.
MILITARY ACCOMPLISHMENTSMilitary duty was required whenever needed in Athens for men aged between 18 and 60. Socrates fought in three separate campaigns during the Peloponnesian War (431 BCE - 404 BCE) and even saved the life of a general! He was lauded for being a fearless soldier.
BIRTH IN ATHENSSocrates was born in Athens, Greece in 470 BCE almost 2,500 years ago! His father Sophroniscus was a stonemason and sculptor. His mother Phaenarete was a midwife.
"Father of Western Philosophy"470 BCE - 399 BCE
EARLY LIFE AND FAMILYSocrates was a stonemason for many years like his father before him. He married a woman named Xanthippe and had three sons. But, Socrates was not a very present father or husband. He was far more interested in devoting his life to his passion: philosophy and teaching.
TEACHER AND PHILOSOPHERSocrates believed the study of philosophy and seeking fundamental truths about justice, government, and society was the most important pursuit. He believed true wisdom came from knowing oneself. Athens was his classroom but rather than lecture, he created a technique of continuously posing questions to his students to get them to think. This is called the Socratic method. He famously said that he knew nothing, but that was his true wisdom. Socrates did not leave behind any writings, so all that we know about him is from the writings of his students, most famously from Plato.
TRIAL AND DEATHAll of Socrates' questioning eventually landed him in trouble. Some thought that he was conspiring against Athens. In 399 BCE, Socrates was put on trial on charges of corrupting the youth of Athens and heresy. He was convicted and sentenced to death by drinking poison hemlock juice. Socrates friends pleaded with him to flee, but Socrates declined. He faced his death as he had his life, courageously and without hesitation.
FAMOUS QUOTES"An unexamined life is not worth living.""One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing.""To find yourself, think for yourself.""When the debate is over, slander becomes the tool of the loser.""Beware the barrenness of a busy life.""There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.""Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel."