Ancient Greece was a thriving civilization that made impressive strides in many fields such as art, architecture, engineering, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, philosophy and government. Many of their ideals were the foundation of future civilizations and their influence is still with us today.
Ancient Greece had many governments throughout its existence. Create a storyboard illustrating the politics of Ancient Greece!
City-states were ruled by kings from about 2000-800 BCE. In a monarchy, the king has all the power. Kings were given advice by a council of wealthy landowners called aristocrats. Aristocrats overthrew their kings in most city-states.
By 800 BCE, many city-states were ruled by oligarchs. Power is in the hands of a few people who had inherited wealth. They made laws that benefited themselves. Eventually they were overthrown by political leaders who had the support of the poor and backing of the army.
POLITICS IN ANCIENT GREECE
Around 500 BCE, Athenians created a democracy, which means "rule by the people". Athens had a direct democracy where every citizen voted on every issue. They had an assembly to make laws. Any free man could speak and vote. They also had a council of 500 and a courts system.
A tyrant is a person who seizes power. During the mid 600s BCE, people desired change from the oligarchs and turned to people who could overthrow them. However, the government was changed by force and tyrants maintained their power through force.