AP United States Government How a Bill Becomes a Law
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Laws keep us safe and keep the country in order and protect people's rights. Passing these laws can be a hard and long process.
The Civil Rights Bill was sent right to the House Committees, not the Senate. This is a public bill, so it affects the general public. The Bill was first directed to a committee. This committee will put the bill on its calendar for consideration or it will be referred to a subcommittee. If the bill had not been discussed, it would've been considered killed.
The hearings conducted by Subcommittee #5 of the Judiciary Committee. Then the committee joined together to markup the bill, or make changes like a peer would on an essay. They make sure it's as perfect as they can get it before sending it to the Senate or the House of Representatives
Once the bill is marked up to satisfaction, the committee votes on whether to report a bill to the Senate or the House of Representatives. A formal summary of the bill is written up and sent to the Rules Committee who determine when the bill will be discussed. The bill was refused a rule until 1964 after a discharge petition was threatened.
The Bill is introduced to the House of Representatives! During the session, they debated on the bill or marked it up. When it came time to vote, each representative said Yea or Nay to place their vote. It was debated for 9 days.
The bill made it through the House and is now onto Senate! For days, the Senate filibustered the bill or talked it to death. However, they debated the bill and create markup on it. The vote was 73/27
The bill was not sent to a conference committee because the two bills were very similar, but in this time, Majority Party Whips make sure everyone is voting in their party's favor.
How are we voting?
the final vote was 290/130
We've made it to the President! He will look over the bill and he will decide to pass the law, or to let it go.
The President Lyndon Johnson has decided to sign the bill into law on July 2, 1964!