Labelled Microscope with Functions

Labelled Microscope with Functions
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Basic Cells Lesson Plans

Basic Cells: Plant and Animal Cells

By Oliver Smith

Cells are the building blocks of all living things. The term ‘cell’ was first coined by Robert Hooke in the 16th century when he was studying different objects using the newly-invented microscopes. In modern times, with more powerful microscopes, scientists have been able to look at the different parts that make up the cells of living things. Both plant and animal cells play crucial roles in their respective organisms. The following activities are designed to help students understand the difference between and functions of both plant and animal cells.

Basic Cells

Storyboard Description

Parts of a Microscope

Storyboard Text

  • Objective Lenses Three or four lenses with a range of different magnifications
  • Stage A platform that holds the slide for observation
  • Slide A thin piece of glass that holds the specimen
  • Lamp Provides light to illuminate the specimen, sometimes used with a mirror
  • Eyepiece Lens Part of the microscope through which you look
  • Arm Supports and connects the eyepiece lens to the base; also a handle for carrying
  • Focus Wheel Used to bring the object in and out of focus
  • Base Supports the microscope
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