Martial law is the suspension of some guaranteed rights listed in the Bill of Rights, and emergency rule by military authorities is initiated. Lincoln was the only president in history to exercise this presidential right, as he aimed to preserve the country throughout the Civil War.
The Republican Party is a political party founded in 1854, with Lincoln at the forefront. Their political stance at the time was anti-slavery, in addition to being against slavery's extension. Lincoln became president as the Republican candidate in 1860. The party exists to this day.
The writ of habeas corpus is an American citizen's constitutional right to be heard in a court of law to determine if they are being lawfully detained. Without it, people may remain imprisoned for any period of time without any legal precedent. However, it may be suspended in a time of rebellion.
No trial for you!
I'll do what I need to to!
WORD MAP: UNDERSTANDING LINCOLN'S PRESIDENCY
It IS my executive power!
Executive powers is a broad term to describe the president's powers. The powers are listed in Article II of the Constitution. Powers include the veto and passage of laws, conducting war, and making foreign treaties. They are, however, checked and balanced by both the Judicial and Legislative branches.
The term presidential cabinet refers to the president's advisers. The positions of Vice President, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of the Treasury, and Secretary of State are all major positions within the presidential cabinet. The number of cabinet members has grown over time.
The president also holds the power to veto a law, or determine that the law shall not pass. In order for a bill to become law, the president must sign off on it. However, they also possess the power to veto, or deny it. In addition, a presidential veto can be overridden by 2/3 vote from Congress.