In This Activity
It is impossible to teach Candide without teaching satire. The novel is a wonderful way to introduce or reinforce this difficult literary concept. Use storyboards to help students isolate examples of satire and thus enrich their understanding of Voltaire’s nuanced social critique. Discuss elements of satire together as a class to get started. Consider reviewing the following concepts:
Les Éléments de la Satire
“Cependant, à force de médecines et de saignées, la maladie de Candide devint sérieuse.”
"tous deux furent menés séparément dans des appartements d'une extrême fraîcheur, dans lesquels on n'était jamais incommodé du soleil..."
"et tout fut consterné dans le plus beau et le plus agréable des châteaux possibles"
Template and Class Instructions
(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Activity", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)
Candide is a satire, a work that uses humor to criticize something. Satire makes use of irony, hyperbole, contradiction, understatement, and comic juxtaposition to create its effect. As you study examples of satire in Candide, try to identify the literary device Voltaire uses to create that satire.
For this assignment, you will create a storyboard illustrating three examples of satire in Candide. Review your reading carefully to find specific lines or situations that reflect different satirical elements. As in the example storyboard, identify the kind of satirical device, then illustrate the scene, and include the relevant line from the text. Be prepared to explain your examples to the class.
Lesson Plan Reference
(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)
Element of Satire Example
Each element of satire is correctly identified in the textual example. The three different examples reflect a strong understanding of satirical elements.
At least two of three elements of satire are correctly identified in the textual example. The three different examples reflect a basic understanding of satirical elements.
The majority of satirical elements and examples are misidentified. The storyboard reflects a lack of understanding of satirical elements.
All storyboard depictions show effort and appropriately depict a scene demonstrating the satirical element.
Most storyboard depictions show effort and depict a scene related to the satirical element.
The storyboard depictions show a lack of effort and fail to provide a depiction that connects to their text and/or a satirical element.
Grammar and Spelling
All sentences and/or dialogue contain correct grammar and spelling (including accent marks) as appropriate for the class level.
Most sentences and/or dialogue contain correct grammar and spelling (including accent marks) as appropriate for the class level.
The sentences and/or dialogue contain many grammatical or spelling errors (including accent marks).
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