Stirrings of Rebellion: British Policy and the American Colonists' Response
Using a timeline, students will analyze and explain events and actions taken by the British, as well as reactions and actions taken by the colonists in response to British policy.
Students, however, may use their resources (textbooks or laptops) to identify and explain any additional acts and actions than those shown in the storyboard below. This activity will allow students to analyze, and put in order, events that further led to British and colonial tensions, as well as ideas that fueled the eventual fight for independence. Students can also utilize their storyboard along with their classmates to further expand their mastery of events.
The Proclamation Act of 1763
Issued by King George III after the French and Indian War, this act restrained colonists from venturing west of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists saw it as a restriction on their liberties since they fought and died to win that land.
The Quartering Act of 1765
The Quartering Act of 1765 was seen as a grave intrusion on colonial life. The act declared that colonists must house, feed, and tend to British soldiers at any time. Moreover, they had to do so with their own precious supplies.
The Stamp Act of 1765-66 and Its Repeal
The Stamp Act of 1765 taxed all legal documents, including everyday notices, and even newspapers! By boycotting British goods and the act itself, the colonists eventually forced King George III to repeal the act in 1766, a small victory for the colonists.
The Boston Massacre of 1770
Five people were killed and several others injured in a skirmish between colonists and British soldiers on March 5th, 1770. The 'massacre' sparked further violent unrest and marks a major change in tensions between British soldiers and the citizens of Massachusetts.
The Tea Act and Boston Tea Party of 1773
The Tea Act of 1773 effectively monopolized Britain's control on the tea trade and tea prices in the colonies. In protest, dozens of colonists, disguised as Native Americans, stormed British ships and destroyed thousands of pounds of tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor.
First Continental Congress of 1774
Fifty-six delegates met in Philadelphia, PA to formally oppose British policy and call for the formation of militia for protection. Notable members included Samuel Adams, George Washington, and John Hancock.
Analyze the Bill of Rights listed in the United States Constitution. In a T Chart, have students draw connections between acts and actions taken by the British and how they are reflected in the Bill of Rights that we still have today.