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US Northeast Region

The five regions of the United States all have many things about them that make them unique. The Northeast has 11 states, many important historical landmarks, beautiful coastlines, and is the home of the nation’s capital: Washington, D.C. Known for its changing seasons, there is so much to do outdoors all year round in the Northeast. Enjoy as we learn all about the Northeast and what makes it such a wonderful place to live and visit!

Student Activities for US Regions Northeast

Essential Questions for The Northeast Region of the United States

  1. Which states are located in the Northeast?
  2. How does its geography and climate affect life in the Northeast?
  3. What is the culture of the Northeast?
  4. Where are some interesting places to visit in the Northeast?
  5. What are the natural resources and products of the Northeast?

Northeast Region of the United States


The geography of the Northeast consists of mountains, valleys, rolling hills, lakes, and a sprawling coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The Appalachian Mountains stretch from northern Maine all the way to the Southeast region, and includes New Hampshire’s Mount Washington. The Appalachian Trail is the longest hiking trail in the world! The most important waterway in the Northeast is the Erie Canal, which was completed in the early 1800s. The Erie Canal is 363 miles long, and was built to move goods across the mountains by boat. There are also lots of natural waterways in the Northeast. Long ago, glaciers were responsible for the formation of the many lakes, islands, and capes (think Cape Cod!), as well as the rocky coastline. There are many lighthouses along the coast, including the Quoddy Head Lighthouse, the most northeastern point in the United State. They help guide ships and keep them from running aground.


Since the Northeast region is about halfway between the equator and the North Pole, the climate changes throughout the year, giving the region distinct seasons. The summers are warm, humid and sunny, while the winters are long and very cold. The Northeast gets a lot of snow during the winter months, and sometimes gets over a foot of snow during one storm. The fall is cool and brings the gorgeous colors of the trees before the leaves fall, and the spring is mild, and flowers can begin blooming.

Natural Resources

The Northeast has many natural resources. Since it is along the coast, there is plenty of fish, lobster, and other shellfish. Although not all of the Northeast has good soil for farming, the parts that do produce blueberries, strawberries, potatoes, and a variety of vegetables. Massachusetts is called the “Cranberry Capital of America” because it produces so many cranberries a year in its cranberry bogs. Because of the Northeast’s abundance of rivers and waterfalls, factories and mills were abundant and were run on water power. Finally, with so many forests in the Northeast, trees and lumber are a very useful natural resource from this region.


With large cities such as New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C., there is a rich cultural diversity with many immigrants. The Northeast is known for its many sports teams such as the Red Sox, Yankees, and Patriots, and for the fans’ devotion to their teams. Some foods that are popular in the Northeast are lobster rolls, salt water taffy, fluffernutter, baked beans, and whoopie pies. As for recreation, the Northeast is a popular ski area and has many hiking trails. In the summer, Cape Cod, New Hampshire, and Maine are popular vacation spots, known for the ocean water as well as lakes that provide many activities for families.

Places to Visit

The Northeast has so many wonderful tourist attractions. Washington, D.C., our nation’s capital, is located in the Northeast just outside of Maryland. Imagine going to the place where Hershey’s chocolate is made? Well, if you head to Hershey, Pennsylvania, you can see where it all began. At Hershey’s Chocolate World, you can make your own candy bar, and see what it’s like to work in a factory. When you are done, you can head over to the amazing Hersheypark and ride roller coasters! Another exciting place to visit is New York City, the largest city in the United States. New York City is the home of the Statue of Liberty, Central Park, and the Empire State Building. Massachusetts is rooted in rich history, and is where you can learn all about the Pilgrims and Plymouth Rock, Paul Revere, Henry David Thoreau, and the oldest ballpark in the country: Fenway Park.

States and capitals of the Northeast



New HampshireConcord
New YorkAlbany
Rhode IslandProvidence
New JerseyTrenton

Our country is filled with diverse culture, land, attractions, and so much more. The regions of our country are all different in so many ways, and it is important for students to understand how and why. While studying the Northeast region, students will show what they have learned through posters, spider maps, and other creative graphic organizers. The combined use of illustrations and words allows students with different learning styles to showcase their work in unique ways. Teachers may use the provided templates, or encourage students to start from scratch, allowing for more of a challenge and differentiated approach. Teachers may also assign an extension activity where the students write a report or create a powerpoint of all their storyboards to share.

How to Teach Northeast History through Primary Sources


Introduction to Primary Sources

Begin the lesson by explaining what primary sources are. Mention that they are firsthand or original documents from a specific time in history. Provide examples of primary sources such as letters, diaries, photographs, newspapers, and official documents. Highlight the importance of primary sources in understanding historical events and the lives of people in the past.


Selecting Primary Sources

Explain to the students that they will be working with primary sources related to the history of the Northeast region. Show a few primary sources related to the Northeast, such as a letter from a Revolutionary War soldier or a newspaper article from the 19th century. Discuss how to choose reliable primary sources and the significance of considering the context and authorship.


Analyzing Primary Sources

Introduce the concept of historical analysis and critical thinking. Provide a primary source document, perhaps a letter or a newspaper article related to an event in Northeast history. Guide students through the process of analyzing the document. Ask questions like: Who wrote this? When was it written? What is the main message or argument? What can we learn about life in the Northeast during this time?


Group Discussion

Divide the class into small groups and provide each group with a different primary source document. In their groups, students should discuss the document and share their findings and interpretations. Encourage them to consider how the primary source relates to the history of the Northeast.


Presentation and Discussion

Each group should present their primary source and their analysis to the class. As a class, discuss the common themes and differences that emerged from the primary sources. Emphasize the diversity of perspectives that primary sources can provide.


Homework or Project

Assign a homework task or project, such as having students research and analyze primary sources related to a specific event or time period in Northeast history. Encourage them to present their findings in a written report, a presentation, or a creative project. Throughout the lesson, be sure to facilitate discussions, provide guidance, and encourage critical thinking and analysis of the primary sources. This lesson plan not only helps students understand the history of the Northeast but also enhances their analytical and historical thinking skills.

Frequently Asked Questions about US Regions: Northeast

How can worksheets specifically reinforce knowledge of the Northeast region's diverse culture and immigrant populations?

Worksheets can reinforce knowledge of the Northeast's diverse culture and immigrant populations by including activities that prompt research and exploration of cultural traditions, historical immigrant communities, and contemporary demographics. Students can analyze data, review case studies, and engage in discussions related to the cultural contributions of various immigrant groups in the region. Incorporating maps, timelines, and comparative studies can help students grasp the evolution of cultural diversity in the Northeast.

What are some assessment strategies that align with storyboards and worksheets for evaluating students' understanding of the Northeast region's cultural and historical significance?

Assessment strategies can include analyzing completed storyboards for their accuracy, completeness, and visual appeal. For worksheets, quizzes or short-answer assessments can be used to evaluate knowledge retention. In addition, peer review and group discussions can help assess students' ability to synthesize and present information about the Northeast's culture and history. Open-ended questions and essays can also be used to evaluate critical thinking and analytical skills.

How can storyboards and worksheets cater to different learning styles when covering the Northeast's impact on American politics and culture?

To cater to different learning styles, incorporate a variety of activities within storyboards and worksheets. Visual learners can benefit from maps, images, and diagrams that illustrate the Northeast's political and cultural evolution. Auditory learners can engage in group discussions and presentations about historical events or political movements. Kinesthetic learners may appreciate hands-on activities or simulations related to Northeast culture and politics. Storyboards can visually summarize information, while worksheets can provide opportunities for writing and reflection.

What are some examples of real-life applications of knowledge about the Northeast region that can be incorporated into storyboards and worksheets, emphasizing their regional relevance?

Real-life applications can include analyzing contemporary Northeastern political debates, such as those related to healthcare or environmental policies, and having students create storyboards or worksheets that propose solutions or explain their significance. For culture, students can research and present on local events or festivals in the Northeast, such as the New York City St. Patrick's Day Parade or the Boston Marathon, to understand their cultural and economic impact. Incorporating real-world case studies can help students see the direct relevance of their learning.

Find more lesson plans and activities like these in our Social Studies Category!
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