The Industrial Revolution is more than a period of time of where new inventions flourished and industry boomed. These inventions, along with population growth, shaped how millions of people lived and worked on a global scale. With these activities, students will understand and analyze how this time period impacted Europe and the world beyond.
In 1769, James Watt improves the steam engine. Although the first steam engine was invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen, Watt's contribution allowed for the rapid growth of factories, trains, and steam ships. It saved fuel and allowed for more mobility.
The Luddite Rebellion
Eerie Canal Completed
In 1825, the Eerie Canal was completed, connecting Albany with Buffalo, New York. This 363 mile long canal was a crucial development during the Industrial Revolution, helping to link the agriculture of the west with the factories in the east. It quickly led to New York being the industrial powerhouse in the United States.
Alfred Nobel Creates Dynamite
In 1811, a radical protest group of textile workers known as the Luddites revolted against factories throughout Great Britain. Dismayed by the poor work conditions and loss of manual labor jobs in factories, the Luddites destroyed factory equipment in an attempt to slow down the technological advancements in the factories.
Elisha Otis Invents Elevator Safety Break
In 1853, Elisha Otis invented the elevator safety break. With this invention, the public became much more confident in the use of elevators. This led to the growth of the high-rise buildings and skyscrapers that defined the cities of the Industrial Revolution.
In 1866, Alfred Nobel created dynamite. This invention quickly gained mass appeal among industrialists because it allowed for improved mining and quarrying capabilities. Ore was essential for the production of resources like coal, copper, and iron.