Starting with the infamous Shot Heard Round The World, American colonists defended the country and ultimately helped the United States become independent from England. These activities will help students understand key events and people in the greater context of the war.
Science evolved dramatically during this time period, particularly during the mid 16th century in the Scientific Revolution. Old scientific ideas of the Greeks and Romans were replaced with new concepts based on an empirical approach. The reason and logic of the scientific revolution was adopted by a number of enlightenment thinkers or "Philosophes". These new, innovative ideas impacted politics, science, and social issues of this era.
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Russia and China faced a number of internal struggles. Dissatisfaction with leadership and a large, unhappy peasant class created instability in both regions. A European ideology developed by Karl Marx, the Communist Manifesto, offered a solution for both societies. According to Marx, communism was a political theory based on the sharing of resources “communally”. These activities offer an in-depth understanding of global communism for students. They are designed to help students understand the links between history and our world today.
The War of 1812, sometimes referred to as America’s “second war of independence” or “Mr. Madison’s War”, saw the young nation once again squaring off against the mighty Great Britain. While no boundaries changed, the war was critical for establishing America’s place in the world. The relationships, policies, and events during the war proved essential in defining America as a nation that could hold it's own.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, European powers set out to develop global empires and their efforts were largely successful. European nations carved up large chunks of Asia and almost all of Africa, separating the land among themselves. The colonies these nations set up persisted until the second half of the 20th century. Imperialism reorganized international politics and had a major impact on the development of the global south.
On September 1, 1939, the world watched as the Nazi war machine invaded Poland. Adolph Hitler’s belligerent action to invade Poland created a ripple effect that, over the next few years, almost every country on the planet would feel. From 1939-1941, the world witnessed the beginnings of yet another World War that reached near apocalyptic levels for many countries. In this unit, students will be introduced to the major events and turning points that occurred between 1939 and 1941.
Facilitated by enlightened thinking and the terrible violence in the late 18th century, the French Revolution of 1789 brought major political and social change to France. It paved the way for the beginning of the end of monarchies and France found itself trying on different governments during and after the revolution. The uprising of the common people to overthrow a broken political system demonstrates the spread of democratic principles in Europe and the New World.
When beginning a unit on World War II, it can be helpful for students to first understand the origins and major themes of the war before they dive into the events that would forever change the course of history. The activities in this lesson plain aim to examine how the aftermath of World War I planted the seeds of conflict that brought about World War II. Students will also gain a better understanding of the leaders in power at the time, the innovations made to warfare and weaponry, and the global influence of the war.
From 1939 to 1942, Hitler’s German war machine strung together a nearly undefeated campaign throughout Europe. It appeared that Hitler’s path towards world domination was becoming a reality. In the time period between 1942 and 1945, the world witnessed some of the bloodiest and deadliest war campaigns in history. But it also was full of pivotal turning points in the war that lead to D-Day, the surrender of Japan, and the eventual end of the war itself.