Ancient Rome was a kingdom, then a republic, and finally an empire that lasted from 753 BCE to about 476 CE, over a thousand years! Although their impressive ideas and innovations in art, architecture, engineering, and politics were two thousand years ago, their legacy is seen all around us and still influences us today.
Jupiter came from the Greek god Zeus. He was the king of the gods and the god of thunder and lighting. He was the Patron God of Rome.
Juno came from the Greek goddess Hera. She was Jupiter's wife, queen of the gods, and considered the protector of Rome.
Mars came from the Greek god Ares. He was Jupiter and Juno's son and was the god of agriculture and war.Minerva came from the Greek goddess Athena. She was the goddess of wisdom, professions, the arts, and war.
Mercury came from the Greek god Hermes. He was the god of trade, wealth, luck, and travel. He was often pictured with winged sandals, a winged cap, and carrying a caduceus (staff).
Neptune came from the Greek god Poseidon. He was the god of the sea, brother to Jupiter, and the patron of horses. Neptune's weapon was his powerful trident.
ROMAN GODS AND GODDESSES
APOLLO AND DIANA
Bacchus came from the Greek god Dionysus. He was the god of wine, theatre, and festivities. He was the youngest of the major gods and the only one born to a mortal.
Vulcan came from the Greek god Hephaestus. He was the blacksmith for the gods and the god of fire. The word volcano comes from the name Vulcan.
Ceres came from the Greek goddess Demeter. She was the goddess of agriculture and of the seasons. The word "cereal" comes from Ceres.
Apollo came from the Greek god Apollo. He was the god of music, poetry, and archery. His twin Diana came from the goddess Artemis. Diana was the goddess of the hunt, archery, and animals. Her symbols included the moon, snake, and bow.
Venus came from the Greek goddess Aphrodite. She was the goddess of love, family, victory, and beauty.