Ancient Rome was a kingdom, then a republic, and finally an empire that lasted from 753 BCE to about 476 CE, over a thousand years! Although their impressive ideas and innovations in art, architecture, engineering, and politics were two thousand years ago, their legacy is seen all around us and still influences us today.
Ancient Civilizations are typically taught focusing on the key areas of: Geography, Religion, Achievements, Politics, Economy and Social Structure using the acronym G.R.A.P.E.S. By utilizing this acronym, students can compartmentalize their findings and compare and contrast different civilizations. There are other similar acronyms that teachers may use, like P.I.R.A.T.E.S., P.E.R.S.I.A.(N)., and, G.R.E.A.T.S., and they all address similar areas of civilization. Any of the graphic organizers shown here can be adapted to fit the acronym of your choice!
All free adult male citizens could participate in assemblies. The votes of the wealthy usually counted for more than the poor. Assemblies elected magistrates and passed laws. This was a form of direct democracy.
Magistrates were elected and often moved from lower to higher offices. There were Quaestors, Aediles, Tribunes of the Plebs, and Praetors. The top two Consuls led the state, the military, and were the highest judges.
The senate were the wealthiest and most well-known older Roman men, often former magistrates. Senators were chosen by an official called the Censor. They helped pass laws, control foreign policy and government money.