Basic Cells Vocabulary

Basic Cells Vocabulary
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Basic Cells Lesson Plans

Basic Cells: Plant and Animal Cells

By Oliver Smith

Cells are the building blocks of all living things. The term ‘cell’ was first coined by Robert Hooke in the 16th century when he was studying different objects using the newly-invented microscopes. In modern times, with more powerful microscopes, scientists have been able to look at the different parts that make up the cells of living things. Both plant and animal cells play crucial roles in their respective organisms. The following activities are designed to help students understand the difference between and functions of both plant and animal cells.




Basic Cells

Storyboard Description

Illustrated spider map of cells vocabulary: photosynthesis, microscope, chlorophyll, DNA, and respiration

Storyboard Text

  • Photosynthesis
  • CO2
  • O2
  • Respiration
  • DNA
  • A chemical reaction used by plants. Plants absorb energy from the sun and use this to react with carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen
  • H2O
  • Sunlight
  • Respiration is different chemical reactions used to produce energy from glucose, which involves oxygen and produces carbon dioxide.
  • DNA is short for deoxyribonucleic acid. A double-helical molecule which carries our genetic information.
  • Microscope
  • Cells Vocabulary
  • Chlorophyll
  • An instrument used to see objects that can’t be seen using the naked eye. It contains a series of lenses which magnify the small object.
  • A green pigment found in chloroplasts of plants. It is essential in photosynthesis as it absorbs energy from sunlight.
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