Teach students about an important African American in U.S. history and how they impacted later civil rights movements through stories, videos, and other lessons. Have students create a storyboard that shows why this person is significant. See the example below.
Create a timeline illustrating several important events that occurred during the Civil Rights Movement.
Civil Rights Movement
President Truman ends segregation in United States Military. African Americans are now able to serve their country alongside their white counterparts.
Brown vs. Board of Education: The Supreme Court case that found the segregation of public schools to be against the 14th Amendment of the Constitution.
You are under arrest!
I will not get up.
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man and is arrested. This is the beginning of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which lasted over a year and led to desegregation on buses.
Little Rock Nine: Nine African American students arrived to be integrated at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. They were met with a great deal of protest, and the Arkansas National Guard prevented them from entering. A month later, President Eisenhower sent federal troops to escort them in.
You don't belong here!
Greensboro Sit-Ins: 4 college-aged men sat at a white only lunch counter at a Woolworth's store in North Carolina. They were refused service, but did not move until closing, preventing white people from giving their business. Sit-ins began across the South, and restaurants had to change their policies to stay in business.
Ruby Bridges becomes the first Black student at an elementary school in New Orleans at 6 years old. She was met by many protesters and had to be escorted by Federal Marshals. Classrooms were still segregated, so Ruby was the only student in her first grade class.
Freedom Riders: The Freedom Riders were a group of both Black and white people who rode in interstate buses to the South in order to protest segregated bus terminals and bus lines.
Freedom's Wheels are Rolling!
I have a dream!
16th Street Baptist Church Bombing: In Birmingham, Alabama, 4 little girls were killed and 22 other people were injured. The bombers, who were said to be Klansmen, were not found guilty of the crimes until many years later.
Led by a group called "The Big Six", which included Martin Luther King Jr. and John Lewis, 200,000-300,000 people marched through Washington, D.C. to protest for equal rights for Black Americans. It ended at the National Mall, where many gave speeches, including the famous "I Have a Dream" speech.
Civil Rights Act of 1964: President Johnson signed the late President Kennedy's bill into a law, outlawing discrimination based on race, sex, religion, or national origin. In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was signed, outlawing discriminatory voting practices and allowing all the freedom and ability to vote.