Have you ever wondered where some of these sayings came from: "He has the Midas touch", "You have to find their Achilles heel", or "Don't be fooled by a Trojan horse!" Well, all these sayings, and many more, come from ancient Greek myths. Ancient Greek is the root of many English words and phrases, and their culture has famous portrayals of themes and stories that are still relevant today. No matter how much time has passed, the lessons of these literary works remain important in today's age.
Greek Mythology Lesson Plan - Hero's Journey of Perseus
PERSEUS AND THE QUEST FOR MEDUSA'S HEAD
CALL TO ADVENTURE
MENTOR / HELPER
The story begins on the island of Seriphus, the home of Perseus and his mother, Danae. Polydectes, the king of Seriphus, wishes to marry Danae, and plots to get rid of Perseus because he may object.
CROSSING THE THRESHOLD
King Polydectes tricks Perseus into promising to bring back the head of Medusa, one of the dreaded Gorgons. It is an impossible task that will almost certainly get Perseus killed.
Perseus' first task is finding The Hesperides. Having done so, they give Perseus a magic bag that can safely carry Medusa's head. Perseus receives several other items from the gods, such as Hermes' winged sandals, Hades' helmet of invisibility, and a reflective shield. Athena offers Perseus some knowledge on how to defeat Medusa: anyone who looks directly at Medusa turns to stone, so Athena tells Perseus to only look at the monster in the reflection of his shield.
Perseus does not want to leave his mother, but he must keep his word.
Athena and Hermes guide Perseus to the home of the Graeae. The two gods often give him advice along the way.
The pressure of the task forces Perseus to blackmail the Graeae into telling him how to find the Hesperides.
The path to defeating the Gorgons...
When Perseus reaches the Gorgons' lair, he has reached the point of no return. From here on out. danger and adventure await him.
Perseus finds Medusa, and beheads her. Two Gorgons chase him, but Perseus escapes with the help of the helmet of invisibility.
Perseus has Medusa's head.
Perseus flies back home with Medusa's head. On the way, he rescues a princess, Andromeda, from a sea dragon.
When Perseus arrives home, he confronts King Polydectes, who's been trying to force Danae to marry him. Perseus kills Polydectes, using Medusa's head to turn him into stone.
Perseus saves his mother, and his journey is concluded. He returns the magical items he borrowed, and gives Medusa's head to Athena. All is restored to its rightful state.