Theme Definition: the main idea or message that the author wishes to convey to the reader

Theme - The Message

A theme is the message that the author wants the reader to understand by the time they have finished reading. Themes are typically important lessons about life that the reader can connect with in a tangible way. A good theme will leave a reader making connections to the characters and their own life. A theme will sometimes be controversial or have no clear answer, which can prompt the reader to ask deeper questions about the world around them.

The theme is not always explicitly stated; sometimes, the reader must infer the lesson from context, dialogue, or events. The theme often reveals the true intentions of the characters throughout the story, and authors develop theme to tie the importance of their characters and the events of the work together. For example, in A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, the readers can infer that loving money too much can lead to a miserable, lonely existence, as exhibited by Scrooge. It is only through the visits of three ghosts that Scrooge comes to understand that money is not the true key to happiness in life, and it is with this understanding that he finds redemption and contentment with his family and his employee, Bob Cratchit.

Notable Theme Examples in Literature

Be sure to check out our article, "Themes, Symbols, and Motifs"!

How Do I Use This?

The picture encyclopedia storyboards have easily digestible information with a visual to stimulate understanding and retention. Storyboard That is passionate about student agency, and we want everyone to be storytellers. Storyboards provide an excellent medium to showcase what students have learned, and to teach to others.

Student Presenting a Storyboard

Use these encyclopedias as a springboard for individual and class-wide projects!

  • Assign a term/person/event to each student to complete their own storyboard
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  • Post storyboards to class and school social media channels
  • Copy and edit these storyboards and use as references or visuals
Learn more about various devices in literature in our Picture Encyclopedia of Literary Elements!
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