Ares is the god of war, and he is represented by a spear and a shield which were often used in violent conflicts.



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Ares was the god of war, and the son of Zeus and Hera. While he was associated with the more violent and bloody side of war, he often lost in skirmishes against his sister Athena because she was the goddess of strategy in war. Ares plays a very limited role in the Trojan War, as recounted by Homer in his epic poem The Iliad. He does not seem to hold an allegiance to any particular side, but he is put out of commission by Diomedes with the help of Athena. When Ares discovers his son Ascalaphus has been killed, he vows revenge and when he gets the chance he attacks Athena who quickly defeats him. However, in many of the stories that involve Ares, he is often being defeated or humiliated by his defeat.

He is probably more well-known as Aphrodite’s lover. Together, they carried on a sordid affair behind Hephaestus’ back, and they had eight children together. The most well-known child from this union is Eros, the god of sexual desire. However, Ares was also the father of the Amazons, Diomedes of Thrace, and Queen Hippolyta of the Amazons.

Ares Quick Reference


Zeus and Hera

Power / Domain


Symbols / Attributes

  • spear
  • shield
  • boar

Notable Myths

  • Affair with Aphrodite
  • Amazons
  • Aloadai Giants

Be sure to look at our teacher guide on the 12 Olympian Gods!
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