Greek gods and goddesses are the inspirations for many literary allusions.

Anuket from Egyptian Mythology

Picture Encyclopedia of Mythology

Learn more about Greek gods and goddesses and more with storyboards!

Mythology is interwoven in everything from daily life to your favorite novel. This guide to mythology includes Greek, Egyptian, and Norse mythologies, and explores important figures and the symbols and myths that they belong in.
Icarus Flies too Close to the Sun

Icarus and Daedalus by Josephine Preston Peabody

Lesson Plans by Bridget Baudinet

The myth of Icarus and Daedalus is a well-known cautionary tale that warns against the perils of “flying too high”. Whether because of its simplicity, its symbolism, or its shockingly tragic ending, the myth remains a classroom favorite and an important cultural reference. Like most myths, the story of Icarus has been told and retold by the Greeks, Romans, and other Western writers throughout the centuries. The version referenced here is the short selection written by Josephine Preston Peabody, commonly included in literature textbooks.
Theseus and the Minotaur

Greek Mythology - The Hero Theseus

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

Theseus is one of the great heroes of Greek mythology. His exploits demonstrate his intelligence, sense of justice, and great physical skill. Theseus is thought to be the one who united Attica (region of Greece where Athens is), showing him to be a great king and politician. Civilization conquering barbarism and unnaturalness was an important theme for the city of Athens, so of course her greatest hero would bring justice, and order to the world. Theseus is truly the perfect hero for Athens, the center of ancient Greek culture and academics.
Jason and Argonauts

Jason and the Argonauts: Quest for the Golden Fleece

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

King Pelias sends Jason away on what he believes is an impossible task, hoping that his quest will kill him. The voyage of the Argo is truly a unique journey. Rarely does such a number of great heroes show up at the same time! The ship itself is capable of prophecy due to the timber from one of Zeus' sacred trees, and offers advice to the Argonauts in their time of need. The Argo travels all over the known world, and even encounters some of the same dangers that Odysseus must face in the next generation of heroes. Just as with Odysseus' journey home from Troy, Jason and his crew get blown off course and take the long way home. The really long way.
Persephone Myth

Greek Mythology: Explanation Stories

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

Mythologies of many different cultures all seek to explain various natural phenomena with a story. Greek myths often attempt to explain the reason for hard to understand concepts like what happens after death, why it rains, or why people with extraordinary talents exist. They are often tools to teach moral or social lessons, explaining what might happen should you deviate from the right path.
Greek Creation Myths Activities

Greek Mythology: The Creation of the World

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

Where do we come from? Cultures all over the world have tried to figure out this mystery. While different peoples have varying tales, some elements stay the same. Trying to understand the unfathomable is a common goal of all people. We create stories as an explanation to fill in the unknown. Over time, a set narrative is established to explain the times before history: mythologies.
Heracles and Hydra

The Twelve Labors of Hercules

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

Herakles, known more commonly by the Latinized name Hercules, is one of the greatest heroes - ever! We get the word "Herculean" in English, meaning "requiring enormous effort", from the story of Hercules, who had superhuman strength and accomplished twelve seemingly impossible tasks.
Romulus and Remus Legend

Romulus and Remus: Founding of Rome

Lesson Plans by Anna Warfield

Rome was founded April 21st, 753 BCE. The Romulus and Remus story is an important founding myth for Rome. Romulus and Remus were two brothers, born of divine parentage. Their mother, Rhea Silvia, was a descendant of Aeneas, great hero of the Trojan War and son of Venus. Their father was supposedly Mars, god of war, but some accounts say they were sired by Hercules. Romulus gave his name to the city of Rome, and connects the great city with Mars, Aeneas, and Venus.
One Eyed Giant Lesson Plans

The One-Eyed Giant by Mary Pope Osborne

Lesson Plans by Ashley Trudeau

The One-Eyed Giant is the first book in the Tales from the Odyssey series by Mary Pope Osborne that retells the thrilling stories from Homer’s Odyssey for kids. The book is a perfect read-aloud for younger elementary students and will definitely foster an interest in Greek mythology.
Hero's Journey Example

The Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan

Lesson Plans by Becky Harvey and Anna Warfield

Percy spent his childhood being kicked from one school to the next, but now it is clear to the adults in his life that he needs to know the truth: he is the son of a god. Percy goes to a camp for demigods so he can learn about his divine heritage and how to defend himself against the dangers of the mythological world. Along with his friends, Annabeth and Grover, Percy has to save the world of humans. The ancient gods of Olympus are poised to wage war, and Percy might be the only person who can stop them. As the first book of the Percy Jackson series, The Lightning Thief is sure to encourage students to read on and on.
Oedipus Lesson Plans

Oedipus the King by Sophocles

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

Oedipus is the most widely known of all Sophocles’ plays. This is primarily because of the psychological concept of the “Oedipal Complex” that Sigmund Freud named for the play’s protagonist, also know as an Oedipus Complex. It posits that all men subconsciously seek to kill their father and marry their mother. After hearing his prophesied fate was to kill his father and then marry is mother, Oedipus tried everything to ensure that this very thing did not happen. However, the very actions taken to avoid this fate led him to fulfill the prophecy.
Antigone Lesson Plans

Antigone by Sophocles

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

Antigone is the last play in a famous Greek trilogy, written by Sophocles. The Oedipus trilogy told the story of Oedipus, a tragic Greek hero, who defeated the sphinx and saved Thebes, but unknowingly killed his father and married his mother. While it was not written last, the Antigone play is the final chapter chronologically in a story filled with human suffering at the hands of fate.
Zeus from Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology & the 12 Olympians

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray and Anna Warfield

Have you ever wondered where some of these sayings came from: "He has the Midas touch", "You have to find their Achilles heel", or "Don't be fooled by a Trojan horse!" Well, all these sayings, and many more, come from ancient Greek myths. Ancient Greek is the root of many English words and phrases, and their culture has famous portrayals of themes and stories that are still relevant today. No matter how much time has passed, the lessons of these literary works remain important in today's age.
Odyssey Lesson Plans

The Odyssey by Homer

Lesson Plans by Rebecca Ray

The Odyssey by Homer is an epic poem that has survived thousands of years! It is the story of Odysseus, the crafty king of Ithaca, whose Trojan Horse idea helped win the war with Troy. Following his victory in Troy, he encounters many trials that delay him from reaching his home, Ithaca, and his queen, Penelope. Odysseus' Hero's Journey is a long and arduous adventure filled with peril, temptation, and wits.
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